Solar Charge Controller Complete Guideline 2019

  1. MPPT Solar Charge Controller

MPPT solar charge controller is a technology that is specifically made to work with virtually all the photovoltaic. Certainly, it’s for the solar unit wherein module voltages are higher than the batter voltages. It’s an electronic system than assists the solar module produces all the power which they are able to. On the other hand, it’s not the mechanical tracking technology which physically moves the modules towards the direction of the sun to convert more sun energy to electrical energy. At MPPT solar charge controller is a smart electronic device which looks at the power output of the solar array which is feeding power into the charge controller and looks at the battery collection which is needing charging and matched the voltage and current to utilize the utmost output of the solar array.

The Importance of MPPT Solar Charge Controller

  • When you look at the many solar panels out there and begin to see their results, you’ll see that the range of voltages from low to high and have the variation of the voltage in normal operating parameters. A usual solar panel is made to work in excess of 18 volts. Storage batteries are made to a range or predefined voltage that is based on the structure of the battery. A lot are made to work at 12 volts.
  • Check out the works or functions of a standard PV regulator. It tracks the battery charging and at the same time provides them the security from getting undercharged or overcharged. You connect the regulator straight to the battery and then to solar module. A high quality MPPT solar charge controller works out and analyzes the voltage at which the module could generate utmost power as for its capability. Effectiveness and efficiency of the most of the MPPT solar chare controller is between 93% and 96%. This kind of solar charge controller is valuable in cold weather and on cloudy days when there’s almost no sunshine. This is the time when more power is needed to charge the battery in order to keep the SOC level.
  • A MPPT solar charge controller could be a remarkable combination with a grid-tied solar module. Other remarkable benefit of the MPPT solar charge controller is that you save lots of time in the cable and wiring expenses that means which a smaller gauge cabling or wiring could be utilized.
  • While selecting a MPPT solar charge controller, you have to ensure that these essential features are on hand:
  • Voltage and Current Regulation, Pulse with Modulation or PWM control, current compensation load disconnection, temperature compensation as well as automatic load reconnection.

Electronic Security

Over charging security, deep discharging security, reverse polarity protection from the module side as well as from the side of the battery. Reverse polarity security from internal fuse, short circuit security as well as over voltage security at module input. Also you need to ensure that there’s open circuit security without battery, over temperature as well as overload security and even battery over voltage shutdown.

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The Basics of Solar Charge Controllers

Solar charge controllers are mainly designed for two essential things within the solar power system: stop the electricity from the batteries to go through the solar panels when there’s no sun and optimize the charging of the battery cycles by the solar panels.

There are many different solar charge controllers available in the market today. Most have a variety of additional features, which include the capacity to turn DC powered loads on or off automatically, deliver monitoring of the voltage and amp-hours left of the batteries and connect to a data network at home for efficient remote monitoring.

Ways to Size a Charge Controller

Solar charge controllers are specified by voltage and amperage. You will need the right solar controller than can support your solar panel array’s voltage, and then output to the voltage of the battery bank. You will also need to ensure that your solar charge controller has sufficient capacity to handle the current from the solar panel array. You have to take your solar panels’ wattage and then divide it by the voltage of the battery bank to obtain a rough estimate of how many amperes the controller requires.

Another way of sizing a charge controller is by taking the array’s short circuit current and multiple it by 1.56. Just ensure that the solar controller you choose can handle at least that many amperes.

What are the Types of Solar Charge Controllers?

The different types of solar controllers include the following:

MPPT Solar Charge Controllers. The Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) solar charge controller is the latest innovation of solar systems today. This controller can determine the solar panel array’s optimum amperage and operating voltage and match it with the battery bank. This results in additional fifteen to thirty percent more power out of your solar array. See ZHC solar MPPT Controller

PWM Solar Charge Controllers. Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) solar charge controllers are the traditional style of controllers. They are common, widely used in many solar panel applications and very affordable. It is a passive controller technology that utilizes solid state gates and switches to generate a constant DC output from a varying DC input. See ZHC solar PWM Controller

The Main Features of Solar Charge Controllers

Solar charge controllers provide battery bank’s multistage charging, which means that it changes the power amount set to the batteries according to its level for more valuable and healthier batteries. They also stop the solar panels from draining when there is no sun or no power that comes from the solar panels. They also turn off any attached load when the battery is low and then turns it back when it is charged back up.

There are also a variety of solar charge controllers on the market today. There are ,40A solar charge controllers and 30A solar charge controllers that safely control your source of energy and protect your batteries from being overcharged. They also provide essential protection from reverse connection of battery.

In addition, some solar charge controllers provide low voltage disconnect, modifiable control voltage set points and overload metering and protection. They also significantly enhance battery charging, making them a vital component of any solar power system. PWM Solar Charge Controller

The Technology of PWM Solar Charge Controller

With the growing number of residential, commercial and even industrial industries going solar these days, solar systems have become even more popular than ever before. With this, the technology for solar photovoltaic batter charge controllers has continued to evolve over the years. The most innovative technology is the PWM charging, which has become highly popular.

Charging a solar system’s battery is a daunting and unique challenge. Before, there were on-off regulations used in order to limit battery outgassing once a solar panel generated excess energy. However, as solar systems developed, it became even clearer how much such devices interfered with the process of charging. With this challenge, PWM solar charge controller has become the solution.

What is PWM Solar Charge Controller and Its Incredible Benefits?

Pulse Width Modulation is the most effective way to attain constant voltage battery charging by switching the power devices of solar system controller. This new and innovative method of solar batter charging provides some of the impressive benefits of pulse width modulation pulsing, which include:

  • Increase the battery’s charge acceptance dramatically
  • Ability to maintain high average battery capacity compared to the on-off regulated state-of-charge levels, which are typically fifty-five to sixty percent.
  • Adjust automatically for battery aging
  • Reduce heating and gassing of battery

In addition to these benefits, the use of innovative PWM Solar Charge Controller over the old technology means reducing the solar system’s cost and the battery disposal issues. It also increases the solar system’s reliability and reduces load disconnects. It also provides the opportunity to reduce the size of battery in order to lower the cost of the system.

If you need more power whenever you it for less money, this product is the right one to consider. It will help you obtain twenty to thirty percent more energy from the solar panels for charging. Stop wasting the energy from your solar system when the battery is only fifty percent changed with the use of PWM Solar Charge Controller.

PWM Solar Charge Controller is also the most common, cost-efficient and the easiest to deploy technology of solar charge controller. Commonly mistakenly referred to as DC to DC converters, this controller is actually a switch similar to a switching power supply that matches the source voltage to the load voltage.

Pulse Width Modulation is quite simple, and it has been around for many decades. One of its incredible advantages is that under most conditions, PWM Solar Charge Controllers won’t take advantage of the panels’ full capacity.

According to Ohm’s law, the current is inversely proportional to voltage, but PWM solar controllers won’t do anything with current. Once the high voltage from the solar panel is converted down to a useable form of 12 volts, the current out will be the same or lesser than the current in.

PWM Solar Charge Controllers are very cost efficient and, they are by far the most common choice for many amateur radio operators. Their price and simplicity make the energy tradeoff a very acceptable compromise.

2. Types of Solar Charger Controller and Where to Buy

It is very mush essential to know the right use of solar charge controllers, when you’re relying greatly on solar energy in your daily life. Solar charge controllers come in all sizes, shapes and types. You will find MPPT solar charge controller, PWM solar charge controller, 40A solar charge controller as well as 30A solar charge controller out there. Easy to setup, a solar charger controller is required in virtually every solar power panels which use batteries. A lot of solar panel controlled out there comes with either digital displays or simple Led. At this point in time, you will also find a solar charger controller that comes with computer interface for better tracking, monitoring as well as control.

How a Solar Charges Controller Works?

The main job of solar charge controller is to regulate the energy passing from the solar panel to the battery. They help in properly keeping batteries of your solar power unit by means of preventing them from being under or over charged, as a result, providing long life batteries. The current passing in the solar charge controllers charge the batteries utilized in diverse household items. Also this current could be passed to the invertors for changing direct current or DC to alternate current or AC. At night or if the solar modules are not producing any power or energy, energy could really flow backwards from the batteries to the solar modules, which drain the batteries. A solar charger controller will give you an assurance that this will not happen. Once a solar energy isn’t really passing from the solar panels to the circuit, it cuts off the solar panels from the batteries and stops the reverse stream of current.

Where to Find the Best and Right Solar Charge Controller?

Choosing a high quality solar charger controller will make the most of the life of these batteries in your solar system. Buying a cheap unit will lead to shorter battery life and a greater long term expense as you will have to replace your battery sooner that you should. Then, unless you like the same thing to take place, also you will need to replace the solar charge controller. You will find many solar charge controllers online.  On the other hand, looking for a high quality solar charger regulator really matters. Avoid buying or reasonable charger controller because of the fact that they might hamper the life of your battery and at the same time enhance overall costs in due course. For your peace of mind do not ever compromise on superiority and quality as well. Zhcsolar.com is the leading provider of high quality solar charge controller. They have wide selections of solar charge controller such as MPPT solar charge controller, PWM solar charge controller, 40A solar charge controller as well as 30A solar chare controller. All these can be obtained for a fraction of cost most especially today wherein the company is offer a huge discount on all their solar charger products.

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Solar Charge Controller Complete Guideline 2019 - ZHCSolar
MPPT Solar Charge Controller MPPT solar charge controller is a technology that is specifically made to work with virtually all the photovoltaic. Certainly,
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