What is Solar Water Pump? Ultimate Guide in 2021

Solar Water Pump

Solar Water Pump Introduction:

It is a fact that we all rely on water for survival, and the best way to have an unlimited supply at home is to install a solar water pump. A solar powered water pump, on the other hand, is a better option because it uses sunlight rather than electricity to draw water for you.

Solar energy will have a significant impact on our lives and businesses in the coming decades. Almost no day goes by without a new story, news, article, or academic finding indicating that energy will be one of the world’s most important issues in the near future. Global energy consumption is expected to nearly double by 2030. Simply put, meeting projected energy demand with the current supply will most likely be difficult. And if this keeps going, the economic and environmental implications will be catastrophic. As countries around the world try so hard for energy independence and environmental sustainability, the demand for clean, renewable, and affordable energy is expected to rise significantly.

Reducing energy-related Environmental impacts is central to the energy transition. If the world is to meet the climate goals, there must be a rapid shift away from harmful fossil fuel consumption. The good news is that we are moving toward relatively clean, renewable energy sources.

How Solar Works?

The amount of sunlight that hits the earth’s surface in an hour and a half is enough to power the entire world for a year. Solar technologies convert sunlight into electrical energy by using photovoltaic (PV) panels or mirrors that concentrate solar radiation. This energy can be used to generate electricity or stored in batteries or thermal storage.

Why Solar Energy?

This transformation is the result of a number of factors. The most visible of these has been the dramatic decrease in solar energy costs. The global total average cost of power generated by all commercially available renewable portable solar power generation technologies is continuing to fall. Between 2010 and 2018, the global weighted average Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) from solar PV started to fall by 77%.

The solar PV industry has evolved dramatically in recent years, with numerous important milestones in terms of installations, cost reductions, and technological developments. Over the years, solar water pumps have been one of the renewable technologies.

Have you ever considered installing a solar-powered water pump?

Now is the ideal time! Our company, ZHCSOLAR, offers the best of everything. Solar panels can be found all over the place these days. Simply looking around while driving down the road, you can bet you’ll see at least 2-3 in a five-minute period. Have you ever considered why? It is because of recent advancements in solar panel technology, which has opened up a whole new range of applications.

Solar Powered Pumps are no different. Today, solar panel power is being used more than ever before for wells and other surface pump applications. There are several reasons why more of these systems are being installed than ever before.

Solar water pumping system:

The power generated by the solar module array is used to drive the pump in a solar water pumping system. It is the most appealing way to supply water in the world’s sunny areas today, particularly in remote areas where power is scarce or unavailable.

Solar powered water pumps are classified into two types: DC solar water pump systems and AC solar water pump systems. DC brushless solar water pump is the most common type of DC solar water pump.

The availability of safe drinking water is one of the most challenging and deadly challenges surrounding many third-world countries. Solar powered technologies, such as solar powered water pumping, can help improve this situation at a low cost. This technology requires little maintenance and has low operating costs. Once installed, it will help deliver clean water for drinking and agriculture.

A society will be strong enough to resist water shortage or famine if there are large enough reservoirs for the water that has been pumped and purified using solar powered technology. This reservoir water could be consumed by humans or livestock, or it could be used to irrigate community gardens and fields, increase crop yields, and enhance community health.

Solar water pumps are powered by electricity generated by photovoltaic (PV) panels or the radiated thermal energy available from collected sunlight as opposed to grid-powered or diesel-powered water pumps. A solar panel array, solar charge controller, DC water pump, fuse box/breakers, electrical wiring, and a water storage tank are common components of solar-powered pumps.

The operation of solar-powered pumps seems to be more cost-effective, owing to lower operation and maintenance costs and has a lower impact on the environment than pumps powered by an internal combustion engine. Solar pumps are useful when grid electricity is unreachable or impractical, and renewable energies (particularly wind) do not provide enough energy.

Solar powered water pumps are environmentally friendly and use renewable energy. They do not emit harmful pollutants, allowing the air and soil on your farm to remain clean.

When compared to fossil fuel pumps, they emit a lot of pollution, both in the form of fumes into the air and fuel spills into your soil.

Water is in short supply during the hot months and in hot areas. Private households and farms require a steady and consistent supply of water. Solar water pumps are pumping systems that are powered by photovoltaic panels. Solar water pumps use the power produced to pump water. Solar water pumps can be used for the following

purposes where water needs to be pumped, depending on the needs of the individual:

  • Water for animals
  • Irrigation water for crops
  • Water supply for human consumption

A solar-powered water pump is one of the most cost-effective solar applications, as it is far less expensive to purchase a solar panel than it is to run power lines. They frequently meet a need for water that is beyond the reach of power lines by replacing a windmill or wind pump. Filling livestock watering tanks so that grazing cattle can drink is a common application. Another example is the replenishment of drinking water storage tanks in remote or self-sufficient homes.

A solar water pump can provide water for drinking, livestock water, or irrigation water. Solar water pumps may be particularly effective for small or community-based irrigation, as large-scale irrigation necessitates large volumes of water, which necessitates a large solar PV array. Because the water may only be needed at certain times of the year, a large PV array would provide excess energy that is not always required, rendering the system cumbersome unless an alternate solution use can be found.

A solar-powered fountain pump is a great idea for smaller ponds because the movement of the water helps to create oxygen for the fish and other aquatic animals that live there. They’re perfect for improving some decoration to your garden, and if you have a fish pond, they’ll look great in there as well.

The solar powered fountain pump pumps water from the source using the power supplied by the panel array. It comes with three wires for each phase and one ground wire. Depending on your needs, our company ZHCSOLAR will provide a high-quality water pump. This water pump is a solar-powered decorative electrical fountain. The solar panel is either integrated into the fountain or is mounted separately.

The basic model includes a water pump that is powered by a solar panel. Without a battery, the setup will not work at night and may not function during cloudy conditions. If the solar-powered fountain is designed to be used in partly cloudy areas, the setup must include a battery bank that stores energy when the sun is available and uses it during cloudy weather and the night.

Solar-powered pond pumps for your garden pond can help you save money on energy and maintenance. The eco-friendly way to circulate water around your pond, simple to install and even simpler to operate. All you’ll need is a location with plenty of natural light.

Solar Water Pump System Diagram
Solar Water Pump System Diagram

What Is the Process of Using a Solar Pump?

When solar energy falls on the PV panels, the rays are converted into electrical energy by Si wafers that are fixed within the PV panels. The solar energy is then supplied to the electrical motor, which is used to power the pumping system via cables. The pump begins to pick up soil water and supply it to the fields by turning the shaft that is attached to it.

Reasons to Install a Solar powered Fountain Pump

There are hundreds of reasons to install a solar powered pump. Below are just a few

1. Pump water without using external power:

These water pumps do not require any external power to operate. Simply connect the solar panels and they’re ready to go. You are no longer restricted to the power grid and have a limited number of locations in which to install the pumps. You can now pump water miles away from the nearest power outlet.

2. You should never pay for electricity:

Now is the time to stop paying for electricity! Solar powered water pumps are powered by solar panels; once you have the panel, you will never have to pay to pump water again because all of the energy you require is provided by the sun and is completely free. Solar panels have become significantly less expensive in recent years.

3. Draw water whenever there is a power outage or an emergency:

Solar pumps ensure you and your family’s safety. Most people are currently relying on various corporations and the power grid to supply them with water. Solar-powered water pumps eliminate reliance and provide a backup plan in the event of an emergency. Water is one of the most important elements required for life to exist. Be self-sufficient and don’t rely on one another for your survival.

4. Transfer surface water to a storage tank:

Pumping surface water into a storage tank is an excellent way to store it and make it more useful. Tank water does not disintegrate and can be used in piping and irrigation systems. Water can be transferred into such a tank using a solar-powered surface pump. If the tank is elevated, a pressurized system can be achieved, opening up a number of innovative applications.

5. Powerful Motor by Famous Brand:

ZHCSOLAR does not skimp on quality by offering a brushless pump, which means that as long as the solar panel is exposed to sunlight, the pump will have more than enough technology to transform a strong stream of water regardless of the fountainhead that you use. It can also start up quickly; in fact, as soon as the pump is submerged in water, it will begin working properly. This pump has a capacity of 40 gallons per hour, which is quite high for a pump of this size.

6. Say no to Batteries:

Batteries are not required for a solar-powered pond pump. To save money, the majority of solar-powered water pumps can be powered directly by solar panels. The electricity used to power the water pump is not stored in batteries, but rather in a water tank or pond. This way, the water is stored and ready to use whenever it is needed.

7. The Windmill Killer:

Windmills are an outmoded, 19th-century technology that is prone to failure and prohibitively expensive to repair. These cumbersome systems are being phased out in favor of the sleek, robust, and long-lasting solar technology of the twenty-first century. Best of all, there is no need to connect to the grid with solar!

How solar powered Pond Pump is beneficial in controlling the flow of water

Waterfalls can enhance the visual and auditory appeal of a pond. They can, however, complicate the design of the pond. If the water in your waterfalls flows too fast or too slowly, you may not have the desired ambiance for your pond or the ideal habitat for your pond fish. Changing the flow of water over each waterfall may be simple, or you may need to return to the pond vendor. The method of problems listed is determined by the cause of the water flow challenge and whether you want the water to move faster or slower.

I. Set up a solar-powered fountain pump with the control system. ZHCSOLAR’s solar powered water pump allows you to manually adjust the water flow higher or lower.

II. ZHCSOLARS’s adjust obstacles in the stream of water to slow the flow of water over a waterfall. Obstacles in the stream, such as rocks and potted plants, will slow the water’s descent into the pond.

III. Remove obstacles on the waterfall to increase water flow over the fall.

IV. Our solar powered water pump will pump more gallons of water per hour to increase the water flow over a waterfall. If you have a large pond or a tall waterfall, this stronger pump may be necessary to keep the water moving at a desirable speed.

Advantages of Solar powered water Pump

  1. Utilizes free energy in the form of solar power.
  2. Environmental friendly.
  3. Electrical lines or extension cords need not be installed to power the fountain. Hence, installation is easier.
  4. Higher mobility due to no external electrical connections.
  5. Requires very low maintenance.
  6. Reliable and long life span. Solar panels life can be at least 25 years
  7. Economic benefits are better than diesel pumps
  8. Functions as a humidifier when used indoors.
  9. These units are self-contained, with no external main power required.
  10. No additional installation is required besides hooking up a few wires.
  11. Solar powered fountain pumps can be installed in remote locations for a fraction of the cost.
  12. The major advantage over fossil fuel pumps which require you to constantly buy fuel. Fuel can add a significant cost to your farm irrigation.
  13. Solar panel pumps have great power to performance ratios.
  14. DC motor technology has advanced to a point where it can rival AC pumps.
  15. These solar pumps feature brushless DC motors, maximum power point controllers, and other features which improve electrical efficiency and pumping performance.
  16. Using free solar energy is also an advantage over manual irrigation which takes up a lot of your valuable energy and time

Low cost as compared to Conventional fossils fuel:

Even though this solar technology may have a higher starting cost than that of conventional fossil fuel, the low maintenance and operation cost and the ability to operate without fuel make the solar powered systems cheaper to keep running. A small rural community could use a system like this indefinitely, and it would provide clean drinking water at a negligible cost after the initial equipment purchase and setup.

In a larger community, it could at least contribute to the water supply and reduce the pressures of daily survival. This technology is capable of pumping hundreds of gallons of water per day and is limited only by the amount of water available in the water table.

It’s a good idea to consider how long you will want your water pump to last and calculate the cost of fuel and maintenance over this time. You will be surprised to see how quickly what you spend on fuel adds up and, therefore, the savings you will make!

On top of that, it is very promising that the cost of solar is continuing to fall, whereas the price of petrol is on the rise. This means that this disadvantage is getting smaller and smaller!

Low maintenance cost:

Solar powered water pumping systems have the potential to help rural Africans meet one of their most basic survival needs with minimal training in operation and maintenance. Solar power, when combined with sustainable agricultural practices and conservation of natural resources, is a prime candidate for bringing the benefits of technology to Africa’s dehydrated lands.

Collecting runoff rainwater during the rainy season for later use in droughts would supplement the well water. This water could be used for agriculture or livestock, or it could be fed into a solar-powered water pump to produce drinking water.

Feasibility of solar water pumping economically

Solar electric power is an excellent choice for powering remote water pumping because of its dependability and low cost. Solar pumps are popular among cattle ranchers all over the world. Their water sources are frequently dispersed over many miles of rangeland where utility power is unavailable and refueling and maintenance costs for generator use are high.

A number of rural electric cooperatives across the United States attest to this fact. Because the cost of extending new power lines is prohibitively expensive, these co-ops actively promote the use of solar pumps.

Solar Pump Installation:

After splicing a few wires and connecting a few solar panel connections, the pump is ready to use. In contrast to main voltages, these pumps typically operate at lower voltages, which have a much lower risk of baffling and harming you.

Outdoors, floating pumps with solar panels can be used. Solar water pumps can be easily installed on a single weekend and can also be installed separately, with connections running from the panel to the pump. Fountains of this type can be installed in shady areas as well as indoors.

Anyone can install our solar powered water pump using our step-by-step installation guide. You should be able to do this yourself if you can connect terminal wires and plumbing. We also have a video that will walk you through the installation process step by step.

Solar Pumping Structure
Solar Pumping Structure

Typical solar PV water pumping system components include the water pump, water pump controller, solar water pump inverter, and solar panel.

The role of the solar panel is to convert the solar heat into electricity.

The solar water pump inverter takes the electricity transmitted by the panel and converts it from DC to AC to drive the water pump. In addition, the inverter is able to constantly adjust the output voltage and convert the unstable voltage into a stable voltage through a comprehensive protection device.

The role of the solar water pump controller is to control the switch of the water pump, adjust the flow size, and have a timing function.

In addition, there are products with remote control functions, which can monitor the operation of solar PV water pump systems through mobile phones and computer.

Things to consider before installing a solar water pump

1. Your flow and head requirements

According to your flow and head requirements, choose the right pump. Flow rate is the amount of water you need per hour or per day. Head refers to how high the water is pumped away from the well.

 2. Choose the right solar water pump inverter

Select a suitable solar water pump inverter based on the various parameters of the chosen pump. Water pump parameters include AC, DC, single-phase, three-phase, boost, power of the pump, indoor use, outdoor use, underground use, etc. Various parameters. In turn, choose the right inverter.

3.Choose the right solar panel

According to the power size of the pump and the strength of the sun, choose the right solar panel. Usually, we choose the power of the panel, which is 1.5 times of the power of the water pump. If you want more voltage output, you can increase the panel appropriately.

Solar powered pumping system
Solar powered pumping system


Asia continues to dominate the global solar industry, accounting for more than half of global solar capacity additions. Constant technological advancements over the last decade have contributed to attractive pricing, improved scalability, and reliability for solar technology.

Water pumps from ZHCSOLAR are designed to provide a high flow, low head height, low pressure, and solids handling capability with fewer clogs. The pumps are also safe for fish and plants and have a high flow rate per watt for energy-efficient continuous operation. Filtration systems, watercourses, and waterfalls can all benefit from it.
Solar water pump installations are adaptable and can be used for a variety of purposes. People can use it to manage their drinking water supply, livestock watering, irrigation, and other residential applications. During hot, sunny days, the need for water is usually greatest.

Our Solar Powered Pump is suitable for approximately 90% of solar panel pump applications. These are full-fledged systems that require everything to get up and running.

Well, what do you think? Why wait? Order and install your solar pump today!

Now that you understand the intricacies of a solar water pump, you can easily construct one for yourself at home. However, it is always preferable to hire a professional for this task because, while it may appear simple, it is actually quite complicated and requires the use of numerous parts and tools. There are a variety of professionals available to assist you with this process to ensure that everything is done correctly.

ZHCSOLAR offers a variety of solar pond pumps that will help your fish and vegetation thrive while also allowing you to create the garden pond or water feature of your dreams.

We provide quick delivery on a wide range of products, and you can even call us and speak with one of our experts to determine which system is best for you! If you’re looking for the best-featured solar water pump, you’ve come to the right place.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Below are some Most Asked Informative Questions that you should read before going to purchase a Solar Powered Pump.

How many solar panels to run a water pump?

It is determined by the wattage of the water pump. In general, a 100-watt water pump requires 5 solar panels. If each panel produces 20 watts and you have a 300-watt water pump, you’ll need 15 solar panels to power the pump.
To get enough energy from the panels, the measurements must be perfect and precise. When you need more energy and water, an underestimation can hurt you.
If you already have a solar system, please include the wattage of the water pump. It will assist you in establishing an effective solar-powered water pump.

How much does it cost to put a solar powered water pump in Kenya?

A) The cost of solar panels in Kenya is determined by the complexity and features of the panels. A complete all-in-one lighting kit with LED lights, charging adapters, and a mini 15w panel is one of these solar home solutions. This will set you back around Kshs 15,000 (approximately). Other low-cost solar products are available, each with a unique power rating and application. Solar lanterns will cost only Kshs 1000. M-kopa provides its customers with a “pay-as-you-go” business model that allows them to pay for the solar kit in installments while enjoying the benefits of solar power.
If your power requirements are extremely high, an investment in a suitable panel should be prioritized. You will also be expected to purchase a battery pack to provide backup power, particularly at night. Solar panels in Kenya range in power from 50W to 300W or even higher, depending on your needs. A kit like this will cost you no more than Kshs. 10,000.

How to convert my ac powered water pump to solar?

Below is the step to convert my AC powered water pump to Solar.
i) Unplug the existing alternating-current (AC) pump from its power source. In reference to the type of electrical current they use, devices that plug directly into an electrical outlet are commonly referred to as AC devices. Remove the AC pump from the water by disconnecting the flexible tubing.
ii) Please read the directions in the pump kit and become familiar with the parts of the kit. A solar-powered pump, a solar panel, and a length of wire with one end fused to the pump are typically included in the kit. Pump models vary in size and power, but they all work on the same principle. Sunlight energy is collected by the solar panel and transferred to the submersible pump via a wire.
iii) Connect the cable from the solar pump kit according to the direction of the kit to the solar panel. One end of the wire is fused permanently to the solar pump and is densely sealed. The other end of the wire ends in a two-piece connector which fits in on a two-piece receptacle on the sumptuous base of the panel. Slide into the two-part receptor on the solar panel by sliding the two-part connector of the wire.
iv) Dispose the pump into the water of the fountain and put it on a flat surface, as a dipped, flat rock or the water bottom. Make sure the solar pump is low and the outflow hole is round and at the top side of the pump. When the pump works, it draws water through its side openings and forces the water through the drainage hole upward.
v) Connect the flexible tube removed from the AC pump to the outflow hole of the solar-powered pump. The round, flexible tubing must glide into the outflow hole securely.
vi) Position of the solar panel at a flat surface receiving constant sunlight for a minimum of six hours per day. It can be 12 feet or more long for the included wire, so you have flexibility to position the solar panel even if your garden fountain is in the shade. Don’t place the solar panel in a shaded area because the pump with solar energy won’t work. The pump starts operating if the solar panel is in a sunny position and collects enough energy from the sun.

How far away can I put the Solar Panel?

A) A cord connects the fountain pump to the solar panel is provided for all solar fountains. The length of the cabin varies from factory to source, but a cord between 9.5 feet and 16 feet long can be expected. You should find this length on our product pages in the Specification tab. Some models enable a 16ft cord extension which can take up to 32 feet between the fountain and the panel.

How and where do I place my Solar Panel?

A) You should set your panel where direct sunlight is going to be provided. All solar fountains have a cord to connect the fountain pump to the solar panel so that it can be placed away from the fountain to make the sunrise. You could, for instance:
i) Set up the roof panel.
ii) Place this on the floor with the stake
iii) Deck or terrace mount

How do I clean my fountain Pump?

Below are few steps of how to clean the fountain pump
i) Remove the fountain pump by unloading the panel cord and hose.
ii) Remove the pump face next (pump cover), and clean the components with a cotton swab around the components. Hot water and a mild detergent are available, and you can really rinse well.
iii) The last step is just to reassemble the pump, reinsert it, and re-connect it to the solar panel cord and to the tube.

How can I tell a replacement pump or a replacement panel?

A) You may feel your solar fountain isn’t working anymore. Either your solar pump or solar panel does not work. If your fountain is fitted with LEDs, wait until there is no sun on the solar panel and check if the LEDs still occupied and you still have to use a substitute pump if the sun doesn’t hit the solar panel. When there’s no sun on the panel, the light does not occur, so you need a solar substitute

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